Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the largest particle accelerator made ever, is about to be replaced by a new collider that is almost 5 times longer.
In fact, LHC is not just the largest ever particle accelerator, it is the largest ever man-made object spanning almost 10 kilometres in width. The new particle accelerator being planned by CERN will be almost 64 kilometres in diameter and will be 100 kilometres long.
While the crowning achievement of LHC has been the discovery of Higgs boson, a particle theoritecally predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics, in 2013.
Future Circular Collider – the largest ever particle accelerator – will go where no one has gone
FCC, if built, and that’s a big “if” considering that LHC hasn’t really lived up to the expectations in spite of the discovery of Higgs boson and the price tag of $10 billion. But, nonetheless, if it gets built it is expected to get close to the discovery of the elusive Dark Matter.
Dark Matter is a hypothetical form of matter that is not visible nor directly detectable but comprises 85% of the matter in the universe and can only be indirectly inferred from the movement of galaxies.
The FCC is expected to be a 100 TeV collider in a 100 km long tunnel and is expected to study proton-proton and electron-positron collisions to observe their decomposition and possible discover new particles that will be that forms the 95% of the universe which are not directly observable including dark matter.